The Socialism of the 21st century we are fighting for is a socialism where the working class, the peasants, the urban poor (including both those still in education and those already in pension) rule the society via popular councils which are located in the enterprises, the schools and universities, the barrios and the villages. The Socialism of the 21st century goes from below to the top and not the other way round. All important issues are discussed in these councils and delegates are elected to represent the viewpoint of the rank and file in higher delegate bodies; local, regional, national and international. These delegates must be recallable if the rank and file do not feel represented by them anymore.
The Socialism of the 21st century must not be a socialism where a caste of bureaucrats rule the society as was, and is, the case in the Stalinist countries. It is an important lesson of the 20th century that socialism must never be a dictatorship of bureaucrats against the workers. Nor can the Socialism of the 21st century be a socialism where only one party exists. The working class and the popular masses will express their views in different parties which will compete democratically for a majority in the councils.
Nor must the Socialism of the 21st century be a socialism where a caudillo rules over the society in a mixture of a parliamentarian and bonapartist system (as in Venezuela).
The Socialism of the 21st century we are fighting for will be characterised by a global planned economy and a world federation of socialist republics. It will move towards the creation of general wealth for the whole of humanity and in this process state structures and classes will gradually die off. However, in the period of socialist revolution and in the transition period after it, when the old ruling class will try to hold on to, or to take back, power by any means, the working class must do everything necessary to win this long and bitter civil war. In such a transition period it is clear that only the dictatorship of the proletariat and the popular masses can smash and suppress the resistance of the old ruling class. Otherwise they will smash us.