The CCR and the Second Round of Presidential Elections 2014
On the 26th of October the population will be forced to choose. On one side stands President Dilma Rousseff (Workers Party) and Vice President Michel Temer. Termer comes from the PMDB, a traditional bourgeois party. Together Workers Party and PMDB forming a traditional Popular Front. The contenders are Aécio Neves and Aloysio Nunes from the PSDB, a party which is a direct representative of imperialism and the financial bourgeoisie.
The country heads for a major economic crisis. The IMF lowered the growth forecast for Brazil in 2014 to just 0.3%. If the prediction is confirmed, it will be the third worst year in 16 years – only in 2009 and 1998 die the economy record no growth. These figures are far below average growth of the world economy, which now has a slight decrease from 3.4% to 3.3%. The bourgeois newspapers "Economic Value" which belongs to the powerful Brazilian network Rede Globo stated on its website that "Brazil, given its potential resources and its history, should grow at least as much as other emerging countries, i.e. growing by on average of more than 4 % per year."
This clearly demonstrates that imperialism and the national bourgeoisie will – whoever will be the winner – make "adjustments" of the economy to recover their profit rate. Therefore they will launch direct attacks on the working class in the form of wage squeeze, loss of labor rights, increasing the retirement age, etc. In the economic field there will be pressure to privatize two large and important banks which have remained public until now: the Bank of Brazil and the Caixa Economica. The requirements of Wall Street and the City of London are that the Central Bank should be "autonomous" from the Brazilian government, so that imperialism would have direct control over all aspects of the economy. In an article of 25 February the Financial Times cynically demanded the dismissal of Finance Minister Guido Mantega. In this article the newspaper said that "Minister Guido Mantega have lost the respect of investors. Swap him for someone who is friendly to the markets would do wonders." Dilma submissively showed who is in command: when confronted by the other candidates in TV who accused her for the low growth she replied that her finance minister would not continue in office if she would win.
Corruption is an inherent part of the capitalist system. In Brazil the repetition of corrupt governments extends for over 500 years. The fact that the -PT is sinking in corruption should not be anything new. But opponents are using the accumulation of corruption scandals since Lula took over the government (“Mensalão” scandal – the monthly allowance to deputies) and continued under the Dilma government (Petrobras scandal) to present the situation as if the PT and its allies were the ones who had opened the corruption in the country.
As stated in our last article "CCR and elections in Brazil-2014" in these three terms of 12 years, the PT-led government has run the country "with the bourgeoisie, for the bourgeoisie and by using the methods of the bourgeoisie." The PT has fulfilled all the requirements of imperialism – as the application of the so-called structural reforms, such as pension reform, privatization of roads and airports, the financing of export agribusiness, financial support to large banks, or sending troops for the occupation of Haiti.
The main leftist parties and small groups are divided as whom to vote in the second round. The PSOL, which in the first round got 1.55% of votes for Luciana Genro, leaves it open to its members and supporters to either vote blank, null or for Dilma, but not for Aécio-PSDB. The PSTU who got 0.09% recommended vote invalid, because it believes that the PT "has ruled favoring the same interests as the previous government of PSDB before the government of Lula da Silva." The PCO with 0.01% defends voting void. It says that the position of its party will not decide this election and that the responsibility for a probable defeat of the PT is of the PT itself.
There is no doubt that the country after the Days of June last year is undergoing a wave of conservatism. The election of the federal chamber on 3 October increased the presence of the industrial business, big land owners, religious fundamentalist and nostalgic representatives of the military dictatorship. But we do not consider this as sufficient reason to give critical support to the popular front candidates Rousseff/Temer.
Even if the PT of Dilma Rousseff wins the election against the candidate of conservatives, Aécio Neves, the party will be more deeply weakened against the need to maintain the "governance". Thus, there is a great possibility that the PT will shift more to the right, deepening attacks on the working class.
There is no reason to expect that the victory of Dilma Rousseff will lead to a change of the political direction compared with the last 12 years of PT-led government. It is possible that the PT will make a new pension reform; that it will introduce the labor reform; that the Central Bank will be delivered to the imperialists; that it will privatize the Bank of Brazil and Caixa Economica; but it will not finally make a necessary land reform.
Accordingly, we do not agree that a vote for the PT could change the correlation of forces. The future of our social rights will not be decided if the next government is led by Rousseff/Temer or Neves/Nunes. It will be decided only by the mobilization of the working class and the oppressed. It is only such mobilizations on the streets and mass strikes that can prevent the attacks from either a Popular Front government or a conservative government. Both will comply with the dictates of imperialism and the national bourgeoisie. We therefore recommend the vote void in the in second run of the presidential election.
See also CCR and Elections in Brazil in 2014, http://www.thecommunists.net/worldwide/latin-america/brazil-elections-2014/