Kyrgyzstan: "October Revolution” Drives Out Authoritarian Government


Statement by the Revolutionary Communist International Tendency (RCIT), 08 October 2020,




1.             A revolutionary situation has opened up in Kyrgyzstan, a country of 6.5 million and one of the poorest in Central Asia. According to the official results of last Sunday’s election, two parties – one closely aligned with President Sooronbai Jeenbekov and another linked to a former top customs official – won the election. However, there is lot of evidence that this result has been massively manipulated. In response, mass protests in the capital, Bishkek, and other cities broke out and resulted in a popular uprising, now widely referred to as the "October Revolution”. They seized several government buildings in Bishkek, freed various politicians from jail and announced the overthrow of the President as well as of Prime Minister Kubatbek Boronov. Until now, fighting between the demonstrators and police resulted in one dead and up to 1,000 people injured.


2.             At the moment, a power struggle is going on as President Jeenbekov refuses to resign. Opposition parties are divided in three groups. The first is a Coordination Council set up on October 6 and mainly composed of established political parties opposing Jeenbekov. The second is the People’s Coordination Council, which announced its existence on October 7 and which unites five lesser-known opposition parties whose leaders have not held any senior government positions. They call for a “clean generation of politicians” and a purge of the traditional elite. Finally, there is the Ata Zhurt party. It nominated former lawmaker Sadyr Japarov, who was freed from prison by protesters, as the new Prime Minister. However, other opposition parties oppose him and a parliamentary session electing Japarov failed to gather a quorum. (*)

3.             Kyrgyzstan, which already saw two major popular uprisings in 2005 and 2010, is a poor semi-colonial country, strategically located between China and Kazakhstan. While it was dominated by U.S. imperialism in the decade after the collapse of the Stalinist USSR in 1991, this has changed in recent past. Today, Kyrgyzstan it a semi-colony of Russian imperialism. It also hosts a Russian air base. Due to widespread poverty, up to 1.5 million Kyrgyz have left for Russia were they are super-exploited as migrant workers by Russian capitalists.


4.             Consequently, Moscow is highly worried about the developments in its south. Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said that “the situation looks like a mess and chaos”. He pointed out that Russia has “obligations” under a security treaty between the two countries to avoid a complete breakdown of government. Alexander Bortnikov, the head of Russia’s FSB security service, has already spoken to the new acting security chief of Kyrgysztan, Omurbek Suvanaliyev. It is clear that Russian imperialism is determined to work towards “restoring order”, i.e. to liquidate the unrest and to re-impose a regime loyal to Moscow. We have already seen such a policy in Belarus where Putin supports the Lukashenko regime and its attempts to smash the popular protests. Understandable, Moscow fears that the spark of popular unrest could provoke similar mass protests in Russia itself. Furthermore, Putin is not willing to let “its semi-colonies” come under the sphere of influence of rivaling Great Powers.


5.             The Revolutionary Communist International Tendency (RCIT) strongly welcomes the "October Revolution” of the Kyrgyz workers and popular masses! It is important that the uprising is not hijacked by bourgeois opposition parties and rivalling factions of the elite. The popular masses should organize in councils elected in workplaces and neighbourhoods. They need to create popular militias in order to defend the protests against police and paid thugs.


6.             Revolutionaries should advocate the creation of a Revolutionary Constituent Assembly which would be under the control of the armed and organized popular masses. They only way forward is the overthrow of the ruling class and the creation of a workers and popular government. Such a government should nationalize the key sectors of industry, service and finance under workers control and without any compensation of the capitalists! It should organize a public employment program under control of the workers and popular organizations. Such a program could abolish unemployment and poverty and help reconstructing the country. Furthermore, it would break Kyrgyzstan’s dependence of Russian imperialism as well as any other Great Power.


7.             Likewise, it is urgent to link the mass protests in Kyrgyzstan with other popular uprisings like the ongoing liberation struggle in Syria against the Russian-backed Assad regime, in Iraq, Lebanon and Libya, in Kashmir, in China (East Turkestan and Hong Kong) and many other countries. The RCIT calls socialist activists to unite in building a revolutionary party as part of a new Revolutionary World Party!


* Build Workers and Popular Councils and Militias!


* For a Workers and Popular Government!


* Close the Russian air base! Kick out Russian imperialism and any other Great Powers!


* Link the popular uprising with other revolutionary struggles in the Arab world and Asia!


* Long live the socialist world revolution! Forward in building a Revolutionary World Party!




International Bureau of the RCIT



(*) In theses 2 we corrected a mistake in the original version of the statement. We wrongly linked the nominated Prime Minister Sadyr Japarov to the opposition group Coordination Council. In fact Japarov was nominated by Ata Zhurt, another opposition party.