The China-India Conflict: Its Causes and Consequences


What are the background and the nature of the tensions between China and India in the Sikkim border region? What should be the tactical conclusions for Socialists and Activists of the Liberation Movements?


A Pamphlet by Michael Pröbsting, Revolutionary Communist International Tendency (RCIT), 18 August 2017


Note of the Editorial Board: The following document contains 6 figures and 5 maps.


Adobe Acrobat Document 1.6 MB






Introductory Remarks


I.             Recent Developments


II.           The Struggle for Domination of Bhutan


III.          The Background: Accelerating Rivalry between China and India in a Period of Capitalist Decay


China's Belt and Road Initiative


India's OCOR as an Alternative to OBOR?


India's Increasing Ties with US and Japanese Imperialism


How are the chances in a military confrontation between India and China?


IV.          China as an Emerging Great Imperialist Power


China’s Monopolies


Super-Exploitation of the Working Class


China’s Capital Export


China as a Military Power


V.           India: A Peculiar Semi-Colony in the Role of a Regional Power


A Brief Historical Review


The Characteristics of India's Semi-Colonial Economy


India's Economic Elites: Many … and at the same time Few


The Parasitic Nature of the Indian Bourgeoisie


India as a Regional Power and an Oppressor State


Brief Remarks on an Historic Analogy: The Ottoman Empire


VI.          Revolutionary Tactics in the China-India Conflict


Appendix: Imperialist vs. Semi-Colonial State: Some Theoretical Considerations


1. What are the Respective Characteristics of an Imperialist vs. a Semi-Colonial State?


2. Is a Transition from Being One Type of State to Another Possible?


3. Is the Category of “Sub-Imperialism” Useful?