To discover older articles, reports and documents of the Revolutionary Communist International Tendency (RCIT) visit the Archive: www.rcitarchive.wordpress.com/worldwide/africa-and-middle-east/
Manifesto for the Revolutionary Liberation of Black Africa
(Document of the 2nd Congress of the Revolutionary Communist International Tendency in
Israel: What is behind a Second Lockdown?
Nigeria: Defeat Boko Haram & ISWAP!
After the Israel-UAE-Bahrain Deal:
No to the “Normalization” with Israel!
War Clouds in Eastern Mediterranean
Nigeria: CAMA or SCAMMER?
Turkey and the Growing Tensions in Eastern
Nigeria: Defend IPOB Against State
Mali: No to
Imperialist Sanctions after the Dismissal of the Authoritarian Keita Regime! (Joint
Stop Israel’s State Terrorism against
Middle East: Is a New Regional War in
Mali: The Imperialist Puppet Ruler Keita Has
MALIANS, DON'T REPEAT THE MISTAKE OF
Nigeria: Report (with pictures) of RevolutionNow!
Anti-government Protests (5.8.2020)
Idlib/Syria: For the Immediate Release of the Journalist
Bilal Abdul Kareem!
Popular Uprising in Lebanon: “Resign or Hang!”
Nigeria: Fight All Forms of Price Increase for Petroleum
Joint Platform: YES to Jobs, Food and Health!
NO to Lockdown, State Repression and Poverty!
Occupied Palestine: On the Anti-Netanyahu Demonstrations
Report on Pan-African Women's Day 2020 (Nairobi, Kenya)
Pan-African Women's Day 2020: Long Live the Socialist Struggle for
Bala Mubarak and the Rise of Nigerian State
Kenya: Preparation for March on Katiba Day
Idlib/Syria: Martyrdom Operation
against Russian-Turkish Joint Patrol on M4
On Important Features of the Current Political
Scene in Nigeria
Kenya: Report on the Saba Saba Peoples March 2020
Occupied Palestine: Down with
Israel's Annexation Plans!
Kenya: Towards the Saba Saba People’s March!
Ajimobi’s Demise and the Crisis Ridden Nigerian Elite
Egypt’s Dictator Sisi Threatens to Invade Libya
Nigeria: Support the NARD strike!
Report (with Pictures and Video): Kenyan People Protest against
Nigeria: RALLY IN SOLIDARITY WITH THE
On the Rise of Police Brutality in Kenya and Across the World
Occupied Palestine: Is a New Intifada in the Making?
On the 57th Annual Celebrations of African Liberation Day
Lebanon and Iraq: Forward with the Popular Uprising!
Save the Syrian Revolution!
Slavery, Colonialism, Imperialism, Military Rule, Plagues...and COVID-19 in
Down With The Iron Curtain Of Hunger! Open Up Nigeria! Mass Testing Is The Key!
COVID-19 Crisis in Nigeria: State Repression and the Left
WHAT DOES THE INVITATION OF CHINESE MEDICAL PERSONNEL
MEAN FOR THE NIGERIAN HEALTH SECTOR?
Nigeria: Against State Repression!
Kenya: Condemnation of the State Repression in Mombasa
Nigeria: Oppose the Lock
Downs! (Statement from RSV, Sympathising Section of the RCIT in Nigeria)
Situation in Zimbabwe During the Corona Virus Pandemic Outbreak (Report from RCIT
Israel / Occupied Palestine: The Major Mistake of the Arab Joint List
Idlib: Syrian Protestors Stop Russian-Turkish Joint Patrol on the M4
Characteristic Supporters of the Kurdish YPG
Idlib: Putin-Erdoğan Deal is a Sell-Out of the Syrian Revolution!
Open Europe’s Borders for Syrian Refugees - Now!
Syria: On the Turkish-Russian Confrontation in Idlib
Syria: How Much Does the Pentagon Pay for the YPG?
Syria: Don’t Let Idlib Die!
Joint Statement: Down with French Neo-Colonialism in West Africa!
Trump’s “Peace” Plan: Only a Successful Intifada Will End the Crooked Deal of
Israel / Occupied Palestine: Trump's "Peace" Plan
Expel French Imperialism from West Africa!
Iranian General Soleimani: Neither Anti-Imperialist nor
What did the latest Near-War between the U.S. and Iran Reveal?
The U.S. Aggression against Iran and Revolutionary Tactics
Report (with Pictures and Video): Syria: Rally in Solidarity with Idlib (4 January
Iraq: Down with U.S. Imperialism
Defend Idlib! Defeat Assad and the Russian-Iranian Occupiers!
Mali: French Imperialism Lick its Wounds
Israel is in the Worst Crisis Ever
NIGERIA: DOWN WITH THE AUTHORITARIAN REGIME OF MUHAMMADU BUHARI!
Iran: Long Live the Popular Uprising against the Mullah Regime!
Report (with Pictures and Video): Iraq: Rally in Solidarity with the Popular Uprising
(16 November 2019)
The Israeli Government Plays With Fire
The Revolution in Iraq Continues
Report (with Pictures and Videos): Iraq: Rally in Solidarity with the Popular Uprising
(10 November 2019)
The Revolution in Lebanon as Part of the International Uprising
Report (with Pictures and Video): Iraq: Rally in Support of the
Popular Uprising (25 October 2019)
Nigeria: Down with the fraudulent proposed budget for 2020!
Lebanon: A Revolutionary Situation
Syria: Assad Regime and Kurdish YPG Strike a Reactionary Deal
Action Program: Forward to a Free and Socialist Kenya!
No to the Turkish Invasion in North-East Syria!
Syria: US Imperialism Deserts the Kurds … Once Again
Iraq: Victory to the Popular Insurrection against the Government
of Abdel Mahdi!
On the Background of the Popular Uprising of the Iraqi People
Yemen: Another Humiliating Blow for the Saudi
Somalia: Drive Out the AMISOM and Western Occupation Forces!
Egypt: Bring Down the Tyrant Sisi!
Israel: On the Results of the National Elections
Aramco Attack: Defeat the US/Saudi/Israeli Warmongers!
Zimbabwe on knife edge over suspected state sanctioned abduction
of Dr Magombeyi
Syria: For the Immediate Release of Ahmad Rahhal and Mohammed
Declaration of Fraternal Relations between the “Revolutionary Socialist League”
(Kenya) and the RCIT
ANSA (Nigeria): Statement on the Xenophobic Attacks in South Africa
Zimbabwe: Police Violence against Peaceful Demonstration in Harare
Syria: The Fall of the Martyr City Khan Sheikhoun
Strait of Hormuz: Escalating Tensions between the US/UK and Iran
EU-Sudan: A Cynical Division of Labor
Zimbabwe: Neoliberal Austerity means Misery for the Popular Masses
Sudan: The Deal with the Military Council is a Sell-Out of the
Stalinism: Assad’s Best Friends Forever
Report (with Pictures and Video): Rally in Solidarity with the Popular
Uprising in Sudan
Syria: The Shameful Alliance of the Saudi Monarchy and the “Left-Wing” YPG
Egypt’s Former President Morsi Dies during Brutal Incarceration
Report (with Pictures and
Videos): Rally against the Massacre in Sudan
Sudan: Fight Back against the Generals with a General Strike!
Jerusalem Day in Israel: Down with the Reactionary Chauvinist Orgy!
Sudan: Down with the Military Dictatorship!
French Activists Successfully Obstructed Saudi Arms Vessels
DRC: Long live the African Day!
Syria: Heroic Rebel Fighters Wage Bold Counter-Attack
US Official: “We Worried that the Assad Regime Might Finally
Nigeria: Jail Yahoo Yahoo Politicians Before Harassing Yahoo Boys
Iran: Down with Trump’s Sanctions and Military Threats!
Report (with Pictures and Video): Syria: Rally in Solidarity with Idlib (10 May 2019)
Syria: Defend Idlib against Assad and Putin!
Stop the new aggression of Israel in Gaza!!! (Joint Statement of
RCIT and UIT-CI)
Defend Gaza! Defeat Israel! (5 May 2019)
On the Israeli Aggression against Gaza (4 May 2019)
RSV (Nigeria): Statement on May Day 2019
The Slogan of the Constituent Assembly in the Great Arab
Zimbabwe: The Economic and Political Situation after the Ouster of
On the Results of the Israeli Election of 2019
Report (with Pictures): Nigerian Students' Union Fights for Free
Report (with Pictures & Videos): Protests against Escalating Costs of Electricity
in Lagos (Nigeria)
Nigeria: Statement on the Security Situation at the Obafemi Awolowo University
Algeria and Sudan: Two Important Victories and a Warning
Libya: Defend Tripoli! Defeat Haftar!
Bangladesh and the Saudi Military Pact
Down with the
Israeli Attack on Gaza!
Zimbabwe: The Cyclone Idai and the Clueless Government
Israeli-occupied Golan: Another Provocation by Trump!
Down with the Blockade of Gaza!
Zionism and Anti-Semitism
Nigeria: Tinubu Goofed Yet Again... Lagosians Deserve Government-Funded Mass Housing
Obituary: The Tragic Death
of Lorenzo Orsetti
Report (with Pictures and
Video): Rally at the 8th Anniversary of the Syrian Revolution
On the 8th anniversary of the Syrian Revolution: Hail the Insurgent People Fighting for
Algeria: Bouteflika Retreats! Now Let Us Defeat His System!
ISL: Our Position on the Elections in Israel
Algeria: Victory to the Popular Insurgency against Bouteflika and
Nigeria: The Mass Miseries of Capitalist Democracy
Nigeria: The Call Off of the ASUU Strike and our Positions
On the Current Situation in Zimbabwe
Syria: Is the Reactionary Sochi Deal Collapsing?
The Zionist’s Attack on the Progressive Movement
Sudan: Bring Down the Regime of Omar al-Bashir!
Commemorate the Palestinian Heroes who died during the Great March of Return!
Israel: Hands Off the BDS!
Where Israel Is Going? Zionist Hysteria against Raja Za'atara in Haifa
Nigeria: Daily Dose On Education
Nigeria: ANSA Solidarity Activity in
Support of the ASUU/COEASU Strike (Report with Pictures)
NIGERIA: ANSA CONDEMNS THE "NO WORK NO PAY" THREAT OF THE FGN TO
Nigeria: ANSA Calls for Defense of Free Education!
Massacres, Plundering and Land Grabbing:
The Similarity and Dissimilarity between the U.S. and Israel
Prominent Israelis Protest against EU Propaganda to Identify Anti-Zionism with Anti-Semitism
Gaza: The Day after the Cease Fire
No Israeli War against Gaza! Report from a Protest Rally in Haifa (Israel / Occupied
Gaza: Israel is Responsible for the New Deaths!
Report from the Founding Conference of RSV (Nigerian
Sympathizing Section of the RCIT)
Platform of RSV (Nigerian Sympathizing Section of the RCIT)
DOWN WITH CHINA’S LOAN AND CURRENCY SWAP WITH NIGERIA GOVERNMENT
Down With the Israeli Attacks on Gaza!
A Zionist Rabbi Praises Europe’s Right-Wing Racist Parties as
Friends of Israel
Nigeria: RSV stands with worker’s rank and file to demand a
minimum of 66 thousand living wage
ANSA kicks against fee increment in LAUTECH; calls it
another constituted Nonsense
The Shameful Response of the Kurdish YPG on the Killing
of the Saudi Journalist Kashoggi
Syria/Idlib: How to Assess the Official Statement of HTS on the Sochi Surrender
The Barbaric Slaughter of Jamal Khashoggi
Syria: Who is Responsible for the Civilian Death Toll
from March 2011 to September 2018?
Nigeria: No Uniform School Fees
Syria/Idlib: Turkish Army Attacks HTS in
Implementing the Sochi Surrender Deal
Zambia: Female Student Dies from Police Tear Gas during Protests
OGN: Interviews with Syrians in Idlib on their Opinions about the Sochi Deal
Syria/Idlib: For a Broad Rejectionist United Front against the
Sochi Surrender Deal!
Nigeria: Student Movement ANSA Commences Nationwide
Anti-acceptance Fee Campaign
Interview: The Revolutionary Student Movement in Nigeria
How U.S. Strategists View the Syrian Revolution
Solidarity Event: Supporting Education of Women in Zambia
EU Leaders Praise Egypt’s Military Dictatorship
Syria/Idlib: News Confirm that the Sochi Deal Means Surrender!
Syria/Idlib: Down with the Sochi Surrender Deal!
Syria: Mass Rallies in Idlib against the Regime and Russia (with Pictures, Videos and a
Report (with Pictures and Videos): Rally in Solidarity with the Syrian
People in Idlib
[VIDEO] Solidarity with the Syrian People in Idlib!
[VIDEO] Defend Idlib against the Assad Tyranny!
[VIDEO] Speech in Support of the Syrian People in Idlib on 08 September 2018
Erdoğan Offers “My Dear Friend” Putin to Disarm the Syrian Revolution
On the Israel-Hamas Deal
High-Ranking U.S. Delegation Meets Assad’s Security Chief
U.S. Imperialism Wants to “Re-Engage” with the Assad Tyranny
63,000 Russian Troops back up the Reactionary Assad Regime in Syria
against the Arrest of PACOR Activists!
On the Occasion of the Afrikan Day of Remembrance Slavery 2018
Report (with Picture): Mass Demonstration in Tel Aviv against Israel's
Zimbabwe: Stop the Repression!
Syria: Towards the Final Battle in Idlib
Rally in Solidarity with the Popular Uprising in Iraq
Austria: Rally against Iranian President Rouhani
Solidarity with Gaza!
Iraq: Long Live the Popular Insurrection!
Israel as a Colonial Entity
Mauritius: End the US-UK Occupation of the Chagos Islands!
Denounce the US terror listing of Syria’s Hayyat Tahrir a-Sham!
Jordan: Mass Protest against IMF-imposed Austerity Package
Remember the Martyr Razan al-Najjar – the Heroic 21-year old Palestinian Nurse, Killed by an Israeli
between the Pacesetters Movement (Nigeria) and the RCIT
Fraternal Relations between
COGITO (Democratic Republic of Congo) and the RCIT
Fraternal Relations between
the Pan-Afrikan Consciousness Renaissance (Nigeria) and the RCIT
the RCIT to the PACOR Conference on the 2018 Afrikan Liberation Day
2018 Afrikan Liberation Day: Forward
to the United Socialist States of Africa!
Yemen: Popular Mass Demonstration in Solidarity with the Palestinian People (Report with
Israel's Attack on Iranian Forces in Syria
Israel is a Terror State! Rally to Support our Palestinian Brothers and
Warmongering in the Middle East: Down with all Imperialist Great Powers and Capitalist
On the Escalating
Turkey: Stop the State Repression!
The Mad Man plays with fire, again - Commentary on Trump’s Decision to Pull U.S. out of Iran Nuclear
PACOR: Stop the Wave of Repression in Nigeria!
Nigeria: 1st May 2018 is National Day of Action against Mass Repression, Poor Wages and Maladministration
Syria and Great Power Rivalry: The Failure of the „Left“
Western Hypocrisy and the Saudi War of Aggression against the Yemeni
On Trump’s attack on Syria
Kenya: Down with the Repression against the Students Union in
Syria: Down with Imperialist Warmongering of All Great Powers!
The Zionist Murderers and the Palestinian Struggle for Freedom
Syria: Another Chemical Attack Massacre by the Assad Regime!
Africa: Stop the Repression against Students!
From Sharpeville to Gaza - Apartheid and its Butchers Will Be
Ghana: Close Down the U.S. Military Base!
Nigeria: Free the Arrested Students!
On Recent Guerrilla Attacks against Israeli Soldiers in the West
Zambia: Stop the Repression against Students! (Report with Pictures)
Kenya: Solidarity with the University Teachers!
Matrix: The Just Liberation Wars and the Reactionary Wars of Powers
The Zionist War on the African Migrants
Syria/Idlib: The Attack of the Astana Conspirators could be
repelled thus far
The Sound of War Drums in the Middle East
Syria: Turkey's hidden war against HTS in Idlib
Occupied Palestine: Break PA Collaboration with Israel!
Hundreds Demonstrate in Vienna in Solidarity with East Ghouta
Syria: Assad’s Massacre in East Ghouta and the Western Hypercritics
Ethiopia: Down with the State
South Africa: Down with White Puppet Cyril
Israeli Warplane Shot Down over Syria
Syria: Assad opens once again a Corridor for ISIS/Daesh
Liberia: ‘Liberated’ But Looted! Only $500,000 Left in Treasury, Weah Unable and Unwilling to Arrest
Syrian Liberation Fighters Shot Down Russian Warplane – A Small
Liberia has gone to the Dogs: Footballer
George Weah will be the Ultimate American Puppet President!!!
Syria: No to Turkey’s Attack on Afrin! Defend the Syrian Revolution against
[VIDEO] Long Live the Mass Protests in Tunisia!
Israel / Occupied Palestine: Free Ahed Tamimi NOW!
Tunisia: Solidarity with the Mass Protests!
Italy sends Soldiers to Niger – Drive the Imperialist Troops Out of Africa!
Long Live the Popular Uprising in Iran!
On the new Cold War between Saudi Arabia and Iran
After the Death of Saleh: Continue the Defense of Yemen against the Al-Saud Gang of Aggressors!
Palestine: A New Intifada is a Real Possibility! Long Live the
Palestinian Heroic Struggle!
Balfour’s Declaration - Myths vs. Facts
Escape from Africa through Libya: Putting the blame where it
really belongs – Europe’s Colonial Practices!!!
More than 1.000 demonstrators in Vienna shouted: “Jerusalem
Jerusalem is the Capital of Palestine!
[VIDEO] No to the Imperialist-Sponsored Conferences on Syria!
The Imperialist-Sponsored Conferences on Syria are Charades! Report (with
Pictures and Video) of a Protest Rally
Stop African Migrants' Slavery in Libya!
The Current Political Crisis in Zimbabwe and the Slogan of the
Revolutionary Constituent Assembly
Syria: Counterrevolutionary ISIS/Daesh attacks again the Liberation Forces with the Help of Assad’s
Zimbabwe: The Fall of Mugabe – Victory for the Masses or for the Military-ZANU-PF Alliance?
Zimbabwe: Down with the
Military Coup! No to the dynastic Mugabe Regime!
On 100 Day Anniversary of
Landslide in Sierra Leone: Down with Capitalist Greed and Corrupt Bureaucrats!
[VIDEO] Report of Meeting on the Syrian Revolution with Speech of Michael Pröbsting (03.11.2017)
On the Hamas-PA Reconciliation
Syria: The Russian-Sponsored Conference in Sochi – Another Charade!
Syria: What Putin Has to Say about the Astana Deal and Role of the U.S.
The Revelations of a U.S. General on Washington’s Allies in Syria
Syria: Assad's Army and ISIS Act Hand in Hand against the Liberation
Russia’s Air Force supports Daesh against
Syrian Liberation Fighters
The Addicted Warmonger in the
White House (US President Trump would not certify the Iran nuclear deal)
Joint Statement: Solidarity with the Mass Protests against the Gnassingbé Regime in Togo!
On the Kurdish Referendum in Iraq
Message of Solidarity for Rally against the
Gnassingbé Dictatorship in Togo
Kenya: Active Boycott of the Election – Prepare for the
Syria: A Very Instructive Episode - ISIS collaborates with Assad against the
Yemen – Thirsty, Sick and War-Ridden!
Syria: The Turkish-Russian Invasion against Idlib has
Israel / Occupied Palestine: 72 days is long enough! - Hadash, Let the
Rotation Go Through!
Kenya: Stop the Repression against Students!
Syrian Revolution: The Moment of Truth is Approaching!
Imperialist EU: Hands Off Africa! Open the Borders to Refugees!
[VIDEO] Address on the 4th Anniversary of the Rabaa massacre in Egypt on 14 August
[VIDEO] Speech on the 4th Anniversary of the Rabaa massacre
in Egypt on 14 August 2013
Israel - Hands Off Sheikh Ra’ed
Togo: Down with the Gnassingbé Dictatorship!
The China-India Conflict: Its Causes and Consequences (A Pamphlet by Michael
There is No Progressive Camp in the China-India Border Conflict!
Israel, Egypt and Saudi Arabia - Hands Off AlJazeera!
[VIDEO] DRC: Free Jean-Marie Kalonji and Sylva Kabanga Mbikayi!
Democratic Republic of Congo: Military Arrests Youth Activists
Syria: Defend Idlib against the Great Powers!
[VIDEO] EU: Let Refugees Come to Europe! Hands Off Libya!
Occupied Palestine: In the Aftermath of the alAqsa Clashes
Syria: The Astana-Deal Struggle Intensifies - Some Notes on Recent Developments in the Syrian Civil War and the
Dangers for the Liberation Struggle
Palestine: Lessons of the alQuds Clashes
Al-Aqsa Uprising: Solidarity with the Palestinian Resistance!
Al-Aqsa Uprising: Zionists Provoke Global Clash with Muslim World
Israel - Hands Off Al-Aqsa! Revolutionaries - Defend the Rights of Muslims!
[VIDEO] Solidarity with the Syrian Revolution against Assad!
Zambia: Down with the State of Emergency!
Platform of the Arab/English-language Bulletin THAWRA
Letter to South African Socialists on the
"Platform for the Left Bloc in the 'Zuma Must Go' Campaign"
Free Nasser Zefzafi and all other political prisoners! Long Live the Popular Protests in Morocco!
Defeat the US-Israeli Imperialist Warmongering!
Qatar-Gulf Crisis: Another Offensive of the Arab Counter-Revolution
We Condemn the Astana Deal as an Attack on the Syrian Revolution!
Syria: Condemn the Reactionary Astana Deal!
Theses on Capitalism and Class Struggle in Black Africa
Support the Demands of the Palestinian Freedom Fighters in Israeli Prisons!
Down with the Assad Tyranny! Victory to the Syrian Revolution! For a Workers and Peasants Republic! Draft Platform of Syrian
Revolutionaries in Political Solidarity with the RCIT
Syria: Was the Chemical Attack a “False Flag” Operation?
Syria: No to Trump's Missiles Strike! Drive all Great Powers out of Syria! Victory to the Syrian Revolution!
PAMPHLET: Is the Syrian Revolution at its End? Is Third Camp Abstentionism Justified?
Out on the Streets to Protest against the Chemical Weapons Massacre by the Assad Regime!
Raqqa: Defeat the US Imperialist Offensive! An assessment of the US/SDF/YPG war against Daesh
UN Report: Israel Has Established an 'Apartheid Regime' (Original U.N.
Report as a pdf with an introduction by the RCIT)
Defeat the Imperialist Invasion in Syria –
Victory to the Revolution!
Israel / Occupied Palestine: The Case of Azaria
Demonstrates the Zionist Definition of "Justice"
The Revolutionary Struggle against Daesh and the
Imperialist Aggression in the Middle East
South Africa: We condemn the Anti-Immigrant March
set for Pretoria
Iran: Down with the capitalist Mullah dictatorship! Down with Imperialism! For a working class revolution!
Platform of the Socialist League of Zimbabwe (Section of the Revolutionary
Communist International Tendency)
Statement on the Fusion between RCIT and the Socialist League of Zimbabwe
Once Again - the True Face of the Zionist State is Exposed, but is this Fascism?
Call for the immediate and unconditional release of South African journalist Shiraz Mohamed, currently being held by an
unknown armed group in Syria
The Israeli Racist Government is Killing now once again Palestinians Citizens of Israel
Israel / Occupied Palestine: Azaria Guilty of Manslaughter – Another Proof for the Necessity of an Arab Revolution to Save Israeli
Jewish Society from Itself
Israel / Occupied Palestine: Rally in Solidarity with Basel Ghattas
The Arrest of Basel Ghattas - the Political Persecution Reflects the End of Zionism
The Syrian Revolution and the Assassination of the Russian Ambassador to Turkey
Israeli Government Pushes for Atmosphere of Lynching of the Palestinians Citizens of Israel
Defend the Rights of Workers in Iraqi-Kurdistan!
Israel Loves Donald Trump who Loves Israel but Dislikes Jews
Turkey: Immediately Release All
Arrested HDP Leaders!
Following the Murder of Mousine Fikri: Solidarity with the Mass Protests in
Action Program for Turkey
South Africa: We condemn the use of the SANDF against #feesmustfall protestors
Yemen: Condemn the Massacre in Sana'a! Down with the Al-Saud Gang of Aggressors!
The Looming Kerry-Lavrov Agreement – A Great Power Conspiracy
against the Syrian Revolution
Joint Statement: Solidarity with Aleppo! Hands off Syria!
Rally in Solidarity with Aleppo
Israel – Hands Off Balad!
Syria: For an Independent Revolutionary Road!
Syria Solidarity Campaign on the US Friendly Fire incident
The Struggle against the Bloody Dictatorship in Egypt
Zimbabwe: Stop the Police Brutality!
For a Free, United and Socialist Kurdistan!
Zimbabwe: Protests in Harare turn violent